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What's That?

Key terms to understand Oklahoma politics and government.

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What's That?

A committee substitute is a revised version of legislation proposed for consideration or adoption by a committee. The committee substitute replaces, in whole, the original bill that was referred to a committee, including conference committees It is quite common for… Read more
A copayment is a payment defined in an insurance policy and paid by the insured each time a medical service is accessed. For example, some plans will charge $4 for a prescription, or $20 for an office visit. Copayments do… Read more
Oklahoma’s corporate income tax is set at a flat rate of 6 percent of taxable income. The tax is based on a three-part formula that looks at the portions of a company’s sales, property and payroll that is based in… Read more
This term refers to people in states that have chosen not to expand Medicaid who earn too much for traditional Medicaid but not enough to qualify for subsidies on the online health insurance marketplaces. When the ACA was originally drafted,… Read more
Some Oklahomans with developmental disabilities qualify for Medicaid services through the state’s developmental disabilities services division (DDSD) waivers. The waiver is a funding mechanism that allows the state to offer community-based services as an alternative to institutional services. The state… Read more
The term “dual-eligible” refers to people who are covered by both Medicare and Medicaid at the same time. They usually qualify for Medicare Part A (primarily covers hospital care) and/or Part B (medical insurance; mostly covers doctor’s visits, outpatient procedure,… Read more
The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is a tax credit that subsidizes work for low-income families. More than 27 million households will receive a total of $60 billion in reduced taxes and refunds in 2015, according to the Tax Policy… Read more
The emergency clause is a provision included as part of a bill in the Oklahoma  Legislature that allows it to become effective immediately upon the signature of the Governor or at a specified date. Emergency clauses require two-thirds approval by… Read more
To receive a high school diploma in Oklahoma, students must score Proficient or Advanced on four out of seven End-of-Instructions Tests (EOIs). The tests cover the subject matters of Algebra I, English II, Algebra II, Biology I, English III, Geometry,… Read more
The Every Students Succeeds Act (ESSA) is a federal law that governs K-12 public education. ESSA reauthorizes and amends the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 and replaces the No Child Left Behind Act. It was signed into law… Read more