Budget Trends and Outlook — January 2017

[Download this fact sheet as a pdf.]

Estimates show Oklahoma faces another large budget hole next year.

  • The State Equalization Board met in December and certified $6.038 billion in available revenue for next year, which is $740 million less than this year’s appropriation. The shortfall is primarily due to the use of over $600 million in non-recurring revenue in this year’s budget, along with a slight (1.8 percent) decline in projected tax collections. A revised estimate to be made in February will be binding on the Legislature.
  • Through the first six months of the current fiscal year, General Revenue collections have come in 2.7 percent below the estimate and 8.0 percent below last year. GR for the full year is now projected to fall 4.4 percent below the estimate, which would narrowly avoid triggering a revenue failure and mid-year budget cuts.

State funding has been cut deeply and repeatedly in recent years.

  • The FY 2017 budget is $361 million (5.1 percent) less than the initial FY 2016 budget and $265 million (3.8 percent) less than the final FY 2016 budget after mid-year budget cuts and supplemental appropriations. This year’s budget is $1.25 billion, or 15.6 percent, below FY 2009, adjusted for inflation.
  • Over half of all appropriated agencies (39 of 73) have now been cut by 20 percent or more since FY 2009.
  • State formula funding for public schools remains $179 million below FY 2008 levels, while enrollment has increased by over 50,000 students.
  • The state Medicaid agency has cut $445 million from provider rates and health care benefits since 2010.
  • There are over 7,400 Oklahomans with developmental disabilities on a waiting list for home- and community-based services.
  • State government (excluding higher education) employs 8 percent fewer people than seven years ago and fewer people than in 2001—despite population growth, heavier caseloads, and new mandates and responsibilities.

Budget shortfalls are a result of economic factors and policy choices.

  • Gross production tax revenues to the General Revenue Fund are projected to be just $140M in FY 2017, compared to an average of $455M from FY 2010-12. Low energy prices are also affecting income and sales tax collections.
  • Since 2004, the top income tax rate has been cut from 6.65 to 5.0 percent, resulting in annual lost revenues of $1.022 billion. When all tax cuts are considered, the annual revenue loss approaches $1.5 billion.
  • The cost of tax incentives more than doubled between 2010 and 2014, according to Oklahoma Watch. The reduction to a 1 percent tax rate on horizontal drilling cost the state over $400 million in lost revenue in FY 2014, while a tax credit for the wind industry cost over $100 million that year.
  • The budget is also affected by the growing share of tax revenues allocated off-the-top for earmarked purposes. In particular, the ROADS Fund has grown to over $500 million this year and is scheduled to receive another $59.7 million increase in FY 2018.
  • Over the longer-term, Oklahoma faces a growing structural budget deficit due to an aging population, decaying infrastructure, and an outdated tax system.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Gene Perry worked for OK Policy from 2011 to 2019. He is a native Oklahoman and a citizen of the Cherokee Nation. He graduated from the University of Oklahoma with a B.A. in history and an M.A. in journalism.

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