Oklahoma’s plan to extend health coverage: What we know

It’s now been nearly four years since the U.S. Supreme Court made it optional for states to extend coverage to low-income adults under the Affordable Care Act. Oklahoma has been among the dwindling number of states refusing to act, leaving over 170,000 Oklahomans without insurance options and saddling hospitals and other health care providers with the rising cost of uncompensated care. But a new plan recently announced by state officials means we might finally join the 32 other states that have expanded coverage.

Developed by the Oklahoma Health Care Authority (OHCA) at Governor Fallin’s direction and titled “The Medicaid Rebalancing Act of 2020,” the plan aims to provide private insurance to Oklahoma’s low-income uninsured, providing access to affordable health care while shrinking Medicaid enrollment and averting a recently-announced Medicaid provider rate cut.  Thus far, OHCA has released a fact sheet and held two of four scheduled public forums throughout the state. Many details of the OHCA’s plan are still under development, but here’s what it looks like so far: 

How would the OHCA plan extend health coverage?

The OHCA proposal builds on the success of Insure Oklahoma, a homegrown public-private partnership that uses a combination of state, federal, and private dollars to provide commercial health coverage for some low-income Oklahoma workers.  To extend coverage, the OHCA would create a new Insure Oklahoma program for uninsured Oklahomans earning less than 133 percent of the federal poverty level (almost $27,000 per year for a family of three), regardless of work status. This closely resembles the “Oklahoma plan” recommended by the Leavitt Partners in their 2013 report commissioned by Governor Fallin. Enrollees will have a choice of subsidized commercial insurance plans with optional dental and vision riders, and they may pay premiums based on a sliding scale. In addition, the OHCA will create “HealthStead accounts” to be used for paying deductibles and other health care expenses. Additional state dollars may be added to HealthStead accounts as incentives for a range of healthy behaviors, such as quitting smoking, managing chronic conditions, and getting all recommended screenings.

“The OHCA proposal builds on the success of Insure Oklahoma, a homegrown public-private partnership that uses a combination of state, federal, and private dollars to provide commercial health coverage for some low-income Oklahoma workers.”

All health care expansions using federal dollars require federal approval, and it’s not certain that some components of the Insure Oklahoma proposal, such as requiring enrollees with incomes below the federal poverty level to pay insurance premiums, would get that approval. However, the OHCA’s plan incorporates elements of coverage expansions that were approved in Arkansas and Indiana. In Arkansas, which expanded coverage in 2014, the uninsured rate has been cut by more than half, and hospitals reported a 55 percent reduction in financial losses from treating uninsured patients. Indiana’s program came into effect much more recently, but uptake has been high, and insurers report that the new enrollees are seeing primary care doctors in high numbers and choosing to pay extra for vision and dental care.

Although OHCA’s proposal is a new model of expanding coverage, we can still expect to see the well-established benefits of coverage expansion in Oklahoma, including the creation of new jobs, more preventive screenings, and better access to mental health coverage and substance abuse services. Expanding coverage in Oklahoma will decrease the state’s uninsured rate and reduce spending on uncompensated care. Other states’ experiences have shown that accepting billions of dollars in federal funds to extend coverage would improve Oklahomans’ health, save the state money, and bring our tax dollars home.

How would the plan would shift families off Medicaid?

The second element of the Health Care Authority’s plan — shrinking Medicaid enrollment to save money — is more controversial. Now, children and pregnant women with incomes up to 185 percent of the federal poverty level (about $37,000 per year for a family of three) can get Medicaid coverage through CHIP (the Children’s Health Insurance Program). The Health Care Authority’s plan would shift this population from Medicaid, where the state pays roughly 30 percent of the cost, to private coverage, which would be entirely subsidized by the federal government. This can’t happen until 2019 when a federal maintenance of effort requirement expires, and the plan assumes the requirement will not be renewed. Because the state would no longer be paying for the health care costs for this group, OHCA estimates $55 million in state savings. 

This is a shaky proposition. It’s hard to predict what CHIP reauthorization will include three years and a new federal administration in the future. We should also be concerned that moving low-income children and pregnant women from Medicaid (with no premiums and limited cost-sharing) to private coverage (with premiums and much higher cost-sharing) will mean increasing the financial burden on these families, putting both health and financial security at risk. For health advocacy groups, that may be a non-starter.

What does it mean for Oklahoma’s budget emergency?

The plan has been unveiled at a time of immense uncertainty for the state’s Medicaid program and the broader health care system as a result of the ongoing budget emergency.  The Medicaid Rebalancing Act of 2020 was released two days after OHCA announced a proposed 25 percent cut in provider reimbursement rates effective June 1st as a way to manage anticipated budget shortfalls and protect existing health care providers. OHCA has suggested various financing options, include increasing the cigarette tax, raising the hospital provider fee, and developing a health carrier access fee, which may be needed both to avert drastic rate cuts and to cover the state’s share for the coverage extension. The federal government is committed to picking up at least 90 percent of the cost of covering newly-eligible populations in perpetuity, leaving the state with a minimal share. While OHCA asserts that extending coverage would cost the state $100 million annually, the Leavitt Report showed net savings for the state budget of some $450 million over ten years.

Finally, it’s important to keep in mind that this plan is still under construction and could change depending on decisions by state leaders and federal regulators. Stakeholders can sign up to receive email updates on OHCA’s webpage for updates on the plan, attend upcoming public forums, and submit written feedback.

While there are many questions left unanswered, the Oklahoma Health Care Authority deserves praise for proposing a path forward. But it’s a path that can only be crossed along a tight political high wire, with no real net to fall back on. The state’s health care system, and the health of hundreds of thousands of Oklahomans, really do hang in the balance.

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Carly Putnam joined OK Policy in January of 2014. She previously worked as an OK Policy intern. A Kansas City native, Carly graduated from the University of Tulsa in December 2013 with a BA in Sociology and Women’s and Gender Studies. As a student, she was a participant in the National Education for Women (N.E.W.) Leadership Institute and interned with Planned Parenthood. She is graduate of the Oklahoma Center for Nonprofits Nonprofit Management Certification Program, the Oklahoma Developmental Disabilities Council’s Partners in Policymaking program, and The Mine, a social entrepreneurship fellowship in Tulsa. She previously served as board president for United Campus Ministry at the University of Tulsa. At OK Policy, Carly supervises policy staff and conducts research focusing on health care and the safety net.

6 thoughts on “Oklahoma’s plan to extend health coverage: What we know

  1. Still sounds like a “poor tax” to me. Lets say a family that is under the 133% poverty level or makes an income of up to $27,000.00 a year. 5% of their income for premiums would be $1350 a year or $112.50 a month. This doesn’t include deductibles, copay, and what about coverage? Is it 100% or 80%? Does it include a prescription policy? Healthstead accounts,sounds like a health savings account which further reduces liquid income the family will have to spend on food and other TAX GENERATING commerce.

  2. It is the most ridiculous thing ever that for political reasons those “in charge” of this state, have refused Medicaid offered to and accepted by 32 other states. I do NOT understand what/who the Oklahoma governor and legislators thing they are helping by refusing this, but I do know it has hurt many of the most vulnerable who need it. It’s time for them to get their act together and help the people they were elected to help. I am SO SICK of the politics that only hurt people just to make some elected official think they look good. Really???

  3. Just maybe if you accepted some of the federal money you wouldn’t have to tax my disability one third of what I get from disability goes in your f****** pocket f*** you

  4. Does this rebalancing wait until 2020? What happens until then? Really, this whole disastrous mess makes me cry for so many. My 11 year old has a mental illness that has made her suicidsl since age 7 and she is 11 now. What do you think? Will she be alive in 2020???

  5. In addition the ACA automatically extends the eligibility to 138% of poverty. The federal funds are only guaranteed through 2022. States that have domes this before us have seen increases in utilization and enrollment far beyond expectations therefore exceeding state budgets. Sustainability of the ACA is also risky due to the pullout of United Health out of state exchanges just last week. This plan would not immediately help beneficiaries or recipients yet in six years Oklahoma would be faced with the same budget problem when the federal funding ends.

  6. Carly Putnam
    Medicaid in OK expanded June 1, 2016. Children are now covered up to 205% of federal poverty level (FPL) The income limits for children to be enrolled on Soonercare are:

    Household Size Income Limit
    2 $33,648
    3 $42,336
    4 $51,036
    5 $59,724
    6 $68,424

    https://www.medicaid.gov/medicaid-chip-program-information/by-state/stateprofile.html?state=oklahoma

    This income limit increase should expand number of OK children eligible for Soonercare. For example, state minimum salary for teacher is $31,600. If that teacher was single parent with 1 child their child would qualify for Soonercare.

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