TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) provides time-limited cash assistance to low-income families with minor children who are deprived of parental support because of the absence, death, incapacity, or unemployment of at least one parent. TANF is operated in Oklahoma by the Department of Human Services. It is funded primarily through a federal block grant with a state matching requirement.
Fewer than 5,500 individuals received TANF cash assistance in an average month in FY 2021. Nearly two-thirds of Oklahoma TANF cases are “child-only cases” in which no adult household member receives assistance. Less than 15 percent of Oklahoma’s TANF funds are spent on cash assistance; most is spent on child care and work support programs.