Budget Trends and Outlook – March 2016

Download this fact sheet as a pdf.

The state faces a huge budget shortfall

  • As a result of revenue collections coming in below projections, mid-year revenue failures were declared in December and February. Agencies were cut by 7 percent of their General Revenue Fund allocation, totaling $413M.
  • The Board of Equalization in February certified $5,851M in available funds for FY 2017, which is $1,288M, or 17.8 percent less than in FY 2016.
  • To balance this year’s budget, the Legislature appropriated close to $500 million in one-time money from the Rainy Day Fund, cash reserves, agency revolving funds, and other non-recurring sources.
  • The Rainy Day Fund currently has a $385 million balance. This entire amount could be used to cover a portion of the shortfalls in FY 2016 and FY 2017.

Budget shortfalls are a result of both the economic slowdown and policy choices.

  • Gross production revenues on oil and gas to the GR Fund are projected to be just $103M in FY 2016 and $66M in FY 2017, compared to an average of $455M from FY 2010-12. Low energy prices are also affecting income tax and sales tax collections.
  • The tax cut lowering the top income tax rate from 5.25 to 5 percent that took effect in January will reduce revenues by $57 million in FY 2016 and $147 million in FY 2017. Since 2004, the top income tax rate has been cut from 6.65 to 5.0 percent, resulting in lost revenues of $1.022 billion.
  • The cost of tax incentives more than doubled between 2010 and 2014, according to Oklahoma Watch. When energy prices were high, the 1 percent tax rate on horizontal drilling cost the state over $250 million annually in lost revenue.
  • The budget is also affected by the growing share of tax revenues that are allocated off-the-top for ear-marked purposes. In particular, the ROADS Fund has grown to $476 million this year and will receive another $59.7 million increase in FY 2017.

State services have already been cut deeply and repeatedly in recent years

  • The FY 2016 budget is $509 million less than FY 2015.
  • This year, 62 of 72 appropriated state agencies received budget cuts or flat funding. Cuts to agencies ranged from 0.25 to 7.25 percent. Many are at least 25 percent below their funding levels of 2009.
  • After mid-year cuts, formula funding for public schools will be more than $200 million below FY 2008 levels, while enrollment has increased by over 50,000 students.
  • The state Medicaid agency has made $445 million in cuts to provider rates and health care benefits since 2010.
  • The Department of Corrections is operating with 460 fewer correctional officers than in 2008, even as the inmate population continues to grow.
  • State government employs 8 percent fewer employees than six years ago and fewer people than in 2001—despite population growth, heavier caseloads, and new mandates and responsibilities. general-revenue-thru-Jan-2016FY06-FY16cuts

 

 

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ABOUT THE AUTHOR

David Blatt helped found OK Policy in 2008 and became the organization's Executive Director in 2010. David previously served as Director of Public Policy for Community Action Project of Tulsa County and as a budget analyst for the Oklahoma State Senate. He has a Ph.D. in political science from Cornell University and a B.A. from the University of Alberta. David has been selected as Political Scientist of the Year by the Oklahoma Political Science Association, Local Social Justice Champion by the Dan Allen Center for Social Justice, and Public Citizen of the Year by the National Association of Social Workers. He lives in Tulsa with his wife, Patty Hipsher, a special education teacher in Broken Arrow, and their son, Noah.

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