State Question 794: Marsy’s Law Crime Victim Rights Amendment

State Question 794 will be on the ballot on November 6, 2018. Download this fact sheet as a PDF or download all five State Questions as a single PDF. Visit our 2018 State Questions and Elections page for more information on Oklahoma ballot measures and elections. 

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The Gist
Background Information
Supporters Say…  
Opponents Say… 
Ballot Language 
More about State Question 794

[pullquote]State Question 794 known as Marsy’s Law, would add several new rights for crime victims to the Oklahoma Constitution.[/pullquote]

The Gist

State Question 794 would add several new rights for crime victims to the Oklahoma Constitution.

The measure, commonly known as Marsy’s Law, would give victims the right to be notified about proceedings in the criminal case they are involved in, to be heard in most court proceedings on their case, to receive full and timely restitution, and to speak with the prosecutor of the case upon request.

These rights would be in addition to several other rights for crime victims that were put into the Oklahoma Constitution in 1996. 

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Background Information

During the 2017 legislative session, the Oklahoma Legislature voted to put SQ 794 to a vote of the people on the November 2018 ballot. Oklahoma follows several other states that have already voted on similar measures.

Marsy’s Law was first passed in California in 2008, and it has since been adopted in five other states: Illinois, South Dakota, North Dakota, Montana, and Ohio.

In 2017, the Montana Supreme Court struck down that state’s adoption of the law, ruling that the ballot measure included too many separate issues and did not give voters the opportunity to express their opinion on each change. It is not clear whether SQ 794 could be challenged for similar reasons in Oklahoma.

The campaign for SQ 794 is financed mainly by Dr. Henry T. Nicholas, a wealthy California man whose sister, Marsy, was killed by her ex-boyfriend in 1983. The effort is supported by a local affiliate of the national group, Marsy’s Law for Oklahoma.

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Supporters say…

People accused of crimes should not have more rights than the victims, and Marsy’s Law simply
gives the two groups equal rights before the law.
Victims and their families should have a say in things like plea bargaining, and SQ 794 would ensure
that they can participate in the resolution of their case.
Formalizing the right to be notified would ensure that agencies coordinate to notify victims, making
it less likely that they will fail to do so.

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Opponents say…

The implementation of Marsy’s Law will be expensive since courts will have to hire more staff and
more attorneys. The courts are already underfunded, and this would strain them even further.
Allowing victims to testify at every stage of a legal proceeding will interfere with a defendant’s right
to a fair trial or parole hearing.
Marsy’s Law could run into legal challenges similar to those that caused the law to be tossed out
in Montana. Adding so many different rights for victims may violate Oklahoma’s constitutional
requirement that each ballot proposal deal with only one subject.

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Ballot Language

This measure amends the provision of the Oklahoma Constitution that guarantees certain rights for crime victims. These rights would now be protected in a manner equal to the defendant’s rights. The measure would also make changes to victims’ rights, including:

(1) expanding the court proceedings at which victims have the right to be heard;
(2) adding a right to reasonable protection;
(3) adding a right to proceedings free from unreasonable delay;
(4) adding a right to talk with the prosecutor; and
(5) allowing victims to refuse interview requests from the defendant without a subpoena.

The Oklahoma Constitution currently grants victims’ rights to crime victims and their family members. This measure would instead grant these rights to crime victims and those directly harmed by the crime. Victims would no longer have a constitutional right to know the defendant’s location following arrest, during prosecution, and while  sentenced to confinement or probation, but would have the right to be notified of the defendant’s release or escape from custody.

Under this measure, victims would have these rights in both adult and juvenile proceedings. Victims’ rights would be protected in a manner equal to the rights of the defendants. Victims would be able to assert these rights in court and the court would be required to act promptly. 

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More about State Question 794

  • 2018 Fact Sheet: SQ 794 (PDF) [OK Policy
  • Social media graphic with supporting and opposing arguments [OK Policy]
  • SQ 794 documents [Secretary of State]
  • Oklahoma State Question 794, Marsy’s Law Crime Victim Rights Amendment (2018) [Ballotpedia]
  • Marsy’s Law for Oklahoma SQ 794 PAC website [MarsysLaw4OK]
  • Marsy’s Law is well-intentioned but be wary of unintended consequences [OK Policy blog]
  • The billionaire behind ‘Marsy’s Law’ effort [Oklahoma Watch]
  • In One Minute Video Series: State Questions 794, on Crime Victims’ Rights [Oklahoma Watch]
  • Video: The Debate Over State Question 794, or ‘Marsy’s Law’, on Victims’ Rights [Oklahoma Watch]

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Visit our 2018 State Questions and Elections page for more information on Oklahoma ballot measures and elections. Download this fact sheet as a PDF or download all five State Questions as a single PDF.


Jessica joined OK Policy as a Communications Associate in January 2018. A Mexican immigrant, she was a Clara Luper Scholar at Oklahoma City University where she obtained a B.A. in Political Science and Philosophy. Prior to joining OK Policy, Jessica worked at a digital marketing agency in Oklahoma City. She is an alumna of both the National Education for Women (N.E.W.) Leadership Institute (2013) and OK Policy's Summer Policy Institute (2015). In addition to her role at OK Policy, Jessica serves as a board member for Dream Action Oklahoma in OKC and communications director for Dream Alliance Oklahoma in Tulsa.

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