State Question 801 will be on the ballot on November 6, 2018. Download this fact sheet as a PDF or download all five State Questions as a single PDF. Visit our 2018 State Questions and Elections page for more information on Oklahoma ballot measures and elections.
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[pullquote]State Question 801 would amend the Oklahoma State Constitution by removing restrictions on how school districts may use some property tax dollars.[/pullquote]
State Question 801 would amend the Oklahoma State Constitution by removing restrictions on how school districts may use some property tax dollars. Currently, school districts may use 5 mills of property tax dollars for their “building fund,” which includes maintenance, repair operations, upkeep and construction of district facilities and grounds.
One mill is a property tax rate of $1 for every $1,000 in assessed property value, and this unit is used to calculate the portion of property taxes levied for specific funds each year.
SQ 801 would remove the limitation on how school districts can spend the five mills currently reserved for building funds. These property tax dollars could be used to pay for teacher salaries, hire additional staff, or make other general expenditures.
In February 2018, Oklahoma State Senator Stephanie Bice (R-Oklahoma City) introduced Senate Joint
Resolution 70 to place a question on the ballot that would let voters decide whether to lift the current restrictions on building fund use. The measure passed by a vote of 28-15 in the Senate and 57-14 in the House.
If this question passes, it will amend section 10, Article 10 of the Oklahoma State Constitution. Like all state constitutional amendments, it would require a majority vote of the people to pass the amendment.
[pullquote]One mill is a property tax rate of $1 for every $1,000 in assessed property value, and this unit is used to calculate the portion of property taxes levied for specific funds each year.[/pullquote]
Property taxes are the largest source of local revenue for Oklahoma school districts, making up approximately 76% of revenue from local sources (2016 U.S. Census Annual Survey of School System Finances). Under Oklahoma’s Constitution, schools are allowed to levy up to a certain number of property tax “mills” for specific purposes.
Currently, individual school districts can levy up to 39 mills to support general operations and up to five mills for the building fund. Voters in every Oklahoma school district have already increased general operations and building fund property taxes to the maximum 44 total mills allowed under state law, so this measure would not create any new revenue sources for schools. It would only allow more discretion over how districts may use their existing building fund revenue.
This measure would provide a means for voters to allow school districts to expand the permissible uses of ad valorem tax revenues to include school operations.
The Oklahoma Constitution limits the rate of ad valorem taxation. However, it permits voters in a school district to approve an increase of up to five mills ($5.00 per $1,000.00 of the assessed value of taxable property) over this limit for the purpose of raising money for a school district building fund.
Currently, monies from this fund may only be used to build, repair, or remodel school buildings and purchase furniture. This measure would amend the Constitution to permit voters to approve such a tax to be used for school operations deemed necessary by the school district, in addition to the purposes listed above.
More about State Question 801
- 2018 Fact Sheet: SQ 801 (PDF) [OK Policy]
- Social media graphic with supporting and opposing arguments [OK Policy]
- SQ 801 documents [Secretary of State]
- State Question 801: Allow Certain Voter-Approved Property Taxes to Fund School District Operations Amendment (2018) [Ballotpedia]
- SJR 70 could create tough choices for Oklahoma schools [OK Policy blog]
- Proposal could divert school building funds to teacher pay [NewsOK]
- ABC’s of School Funding [Lori Smith / OK Policy guest blog]
Visit our 2018 State Questions and Elections page for more information on Oklahoma ballot measures and elections. Download this fact sheet as a PDF or download all five State Questions as a single PDF.