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Save the Date: Our 2019 State Budget Summit is January 24, 2019. Tickets will go on sale Monday, December 10th. 

What's That?

Key terms to understand Oklahoma politics and government.

Emergency certification is a process for school districts to fill a position when there is no candidate available who meets the state’s certification requirements. According to the State Department of Education, “Emergency certification should only be requested when the district… Read more
The emergency clause is a provision included as part of a bill in the Oklahoma  Legislature that allows it to become effective immediately upon the signature of the Governor or at a specified date. Emergency clauses require two-thirds approval by… Read more
A bill that passes out of one chamber is engrossed, and then sent to the other chamber. If the bill passes the second chamber but not in its final form (e.g. it has been amended or has had its title… Read more
A bill that passes both chambers in its final form is enrolled. It is then sent to the Governor. To find the engrossed version of a bill, go to the Legislature’s website, click on Legislation, select Basic Bill Search, enter… Read more
The Every Students Succeeds Act (ESSA) is a federal law that governs K-12 public education. ESSA reauthorizes and amends the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 and replaces the No Child Left Behind Act. It was signed into law… Read more
The federal poverty level (FPL) is a measure of income issued annually by the Department of Health and Human Services that is used to determine eligibility for various public programs and benefits, including Medicaid, health insurance premium tax credits, the… Read more
A fiscal year (usually abbreviated ‘FY’) is the period used for calculating annual budgets. The state of Oklahoma’s fiscal year runs from July 1 to June 30. Each fiscal year is named after the calendar year that it ends in.… Read more
Food security is defined as “ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods.” The measure was introduced by the U.S. Census Bureau in 1996 to assess households’ ability to consistently obtain three nutritionally adequate meals a day. Households can be… Read more
Federally-qualified health centers (FQHCs) are community health centers that meet certain qualifications and are thus eligible for certain grants. FQHCs must serve an underserved area or population, offer a sliding fee scale, provide comprehensive services, have an ongoing quality assurance… Read more
Oklahoma levies a franchise tax on all corporations or associations doing business in the state. Corporations are taxed $1.25 for each $1,000 of capital invested or otherwise used in Oklahoma up to a maximum levy of $20,000 (foreign corporations are… Read more