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What's That?

Key terms to understand Oklahoma politics and government.

The Oklahoma Health Care Authority is a state government agency responsible for administering the state’s Medicaid program. OHCA’s mission is to “responsibly purchase state and federally-funded health care in the most efficient and comprehensive manner possible; to analyze and recommend… Read more
The Oklahoma Higher Learning Access Program (OHLAP), also known as Oklahoma’s Promise, is an early commitment financial aid program that covers tuition and other college costs for certain Oklahoma students. Oklahoma’s Promise is open to students attending public or private… Read more
Oklahoma’s Open Meetings Act (25 O.S. s. 304) requires all public bodies to file advance notice of regularly scheduled and special meetings with the Secretary of State, as well as advance notice of changes in date, time, or location of… Read more
Like a block grant, a per capita cap is a federal strategy to limit federal spending on safety net programs while transferring a greater share of the responsibility and costs to states. Per capita caps are most frequently suggested as… Read more
If a bill passes the Oklahoma Legislature during the final 5 days of session, the Governor has 15 days to sign or veto it. If the Governor does not sign or veto the bill within 15 days, it does not… Read more
The Quality Jobs program is a state tax incentive program that provides a quarterly cash payment to qualified companies of up to 5 percent of new taxable payroll. The incentive targets manufacturers and certain other industries that have a new… Read more
The Rainy Day Fund (formally known as the Constitutional Reserve Fund) was created in 1985 in response to a dramatic revenue downturn. It is designed to collect extra funds when times are good and to spend those funds when revenues… Read more
The Reading Sufficiency Act (RSA) was enacted in 1997 to improve Oklahoma children’s reading skills before the end of third grade. Since that time, Oklahoma has made several changes to the Act. In 2011-2012, the legislature established an intensive, accelerated… Read more
The Oklahoma Constitution (Article V, Section 33) sets the following conditions on revenue bills: A. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives. The Senate may propose amendments to revenue bills. B. No revenue bill shall… Read more
Oklahoma makes official revenue estimates that determine how much the Legislature is allowed to appropriate in its annual budget for state agencies. The Legislature is limited to appropriating no more than 95 percent of certified collections. Revenue estimates are certified… Read more